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Denmark: Test Stamps: 1980-1985 Horse Statue Slania-Engraved  
Test Stamps (also called Dummy Stamps in the U.S.) are created by stamp printers and post offices to test printing and production processes and other machines. While a few have had extensive philatelic distribution, most were never intended to be known to collectors and are very scarce. New discoveries continue to be made. Denmark has made use of several types and designs of test stamps; some of these are shown in the AFA Specialized Catalog at the start of the 1933 steel-engraved period.

All items are available for viewing on approval. I have a constantly changing stock of Danish and all Scandinavian essays, proofs, reprints, specimens, and test stamps. Most such items sell before they get to the website or price lists. What are you seeking?
   
In 1980 the Danish Post Office purchased a new Goebel "M4" printing press. To test the machine, a test stamp designed by Danish artist Mads Stage and engraved by Czeslaw Slania was produced in 1980. The design is of an imaginary view of København, with the equestrian statue in front of the Royal Palace in the center. To the left is a small fragment of the Christiansborg Palace (Parliament Building) and on the right a partial view of the Royal Residential Palace (Amalienborg).

In 1985, as a fundraising gesture for the Danish Philatelic Federation (DFF) and to support the development of philately, the post office made a special printing of these stamps which was turned over to the DFF which sold them. The marginal inscriptions were removed and stamps were only sold as singles, 4-blocks, and 4-strips. From this printing, larger units are known, but are very rare. The 1985 printing is multicolored: the black is engraved, but the "PRØVE" and all the colors are printed by offset / lithography. It is printed on white paper with greenish-yellow fluorescence and has invisible gum. This stamp is fairly common.
However, it turns out that this was only part of the story! The original 1980 printings, of which there were multiple tests with different colors, etc., were never made available to the public and only a few examples had been recorded. It turns out that after the 1980 testing, the original printing plate and die were destroyed or misplaced. A NEW DIE WAS ENGRAVED and a new plate made for the 1985 printing. The 1980 vs 1985 printings are COMPLETELY DIFFERENT ENGRAVINGS. The 1980 engraving/printing(s) have many features that are different: The "PRØVE" is engraved (and sometimes with additional offset-printed underlying color) on the 1980 stamp. There is much more elegant detail throughout the design of the 1980 stamp. For example, the tiny pointed tower at the extreme right has horizontal engraved shading lines on the 1980 stamp (but only offset-printed dots shading on the 1985 stamp). The horse has diagonal engraved shading lines on the rear flank. The sky at the upper left is made of horizontal shading lines. There had been a previous report of the 1980 printing published on the Internet, but that report did not fully recognize the scope and significance of the design differences. Simply put, this is a completely different engraving and it adds to the Slania engraving count! This is what the stamp is supposed to look like!

In November 2008, I discovered (in the collection of a client who did not realize what he had) a complete sheet of 50 stamps of a 1980 printing. In addition to the black engraving, there is only Brownish Orange in the trees to left and right of the statue and in the base and pedestal of the statue. There is no other color. The stamps are printed on cream-colored paper with whitish fluorescence and have invisible gum. (There are no plate numbers; there is only a color bar in the right margin opposite the third row.) The result is a stunningly elegant stamp design. The owner of the sheet retained the top half of the sheet, but has allowed the lower half of the sheet to be broken up so that examples may be shared with other philatelists. We thus know of only 50 examples of this printing, and only 25 of them are available to the marketplace (unfortunately, this satisfied only a small fraction of Slania collectors!).

Then, in 2009-11, the archives of the now-defunct Goebel printing press manufacturing company were opened and new discoveries were made of different colors and stages of the 1980 stamp. The newly discovered stamps exist ranging from single engraved colors (very dramatic!) to single offset-printed colors, and in a variety of combinations, some more complete combinations than others. All I have seen have invisible gum. I have seen only two that are on non-fluorescent paper; the rest are on bright white fluorescent paper. The quantities recorded range from as low as 9 examples to as high as 36 examples -- even the 36 quantity is not enough to even partially satisfy the demand from Slania collectors, to say nothing of the demand from test stamp collectors and collectors of Danish stamps!
[Information is wanted about other printings/colors and I wish to buy any such examples.]
1980-1985 Horse Statue Slania-Engraved  Shopping Cart: Review or Check Out   Top 
Item #
Quality & Description
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US$
232289
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1985 Slania-engraved Horse Statue test stamp. Design created in 1980 for testing "M4" printing press. Multi-colored 1985 printing distributed by the DFF and sold only in singles, 4-blocks, and 4-strips. NH VF single.
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WANTED
Needed. Please make offer.

232290
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1985 Slania-engraved Horse Statue test stamp. Design created in 1980 for testing "M4" printing press. Multi-colored 1985 printing distributed by the DFF and sold only in singles, 4-blocks, and 4-strips. NH VF 4-block.
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36.00

WANTED
Need one or more blocks. Please make offer.

232291
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1985 Slania-engraved Horse Statue test stamp. Design created in 1980 for testing "M4" printing press. Multi-colored 1985 printing distributed by the DFF and sold only in singles, 4-blocks, and 4-strips. NH VF 4-strip.
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38.00

WANTED
Need one or more strips. Please make offer.

236617
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1985 Slania-engraved Horse Statue test stamp. NEW DISCOVERY -- THE ONLY VARIATION OF THE 1985 PRINTING THAT I HAVE RECORDED. After the 1980 printings, the die and plate were apparently lost or destroyed, thus a completely new engraving had to be made. There are many small design differences between the original 1980 engraving and the 1985 engraving; this is the 1985 engraving. This previously unrecorded stamp is probably a "real" test stamp of the 1985 engraving (different from the large quantity printed for distribution to collectors). It appears very similar to the issued 1985 stamp except that the colors are less vibrant, with much lighter yellow, the PRØVE looks Blue, and it is printed on off-white paper with WHITE FLUORESCENCE (instead of bright white paper with very strong yellow fluorescence). This is the only 1985 printing I have recorded with a paper or color difference. As with the usual 1985 stamps, the PRØVE is not engraved. This stamp is RARE with only about 24 examples recorded from the original discovery. NH VF single. I cannot overemphasize the importance of this stamp: the only recorded variation of the 1985 engraving!
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Reference
For reference only. NOT for sale.

236600
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1980 Slania-engraved Horse Statue test stamp. JSA Color "A": Bright Green complete engraved design with Bright Light Blue offset-printed color (shifted .5 mm down and to the right) in the lamp, trees, statue, and PRØVE. THE ORIGINAL ENGRAVING with much greater detail and "PRØVE" engraved. This is a completely different Slania engraving from the commonly seen 1985 DFF multi-colored printing. White, white fluorescent paper, with invisible gum. This elegant engraving is RARE with only about 24 examples recorded from the original discovery. NH VF single.
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Reference
For reference only. NOT for sale.

236601
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1980 Slania-engraved Horse Statue test stamp. JSA Color "B": Blackish Green complete engraved design with three offset-printed colors: Magenta, Violet, and Orangish Yellow, each in various locations but all visible in the PRØVE. THE ORIGINAL ENGRAVING with much greater detail and "PRØVE" engraved. This is a completely different Slania engraving from the commonly seen 1985 DFF multi-colored printing. White, white fluorescent paper, with invisible gum. This elegant engraving is RARE with only 18 examples recorded from the original discovery. NH VF single. Very dramatic appearance, quite unlike the final colors.
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Reference
For reference only. NOT for sale.

236602
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1980 Slania-engraved Horse Statue test stamp. JSA Color "C": Black complete engraved design with three offset-printed colors: Magenta, Blue, and Yellow, each in various locations but all visible in the PRØVE. THE ORIGINAL ENGRAVING with much greater detail and "PRØVE" engraved. This is a completely different Slania engraving from the commonly seen 1985 DFF multi-colored printing. White, white fluorescent paper, with invisible gum. This elegant engraving is RARE with only about 36 examples recorded from the original discovery. NH VF single. Somewhat similar to the final colors of the 1985 issue.
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225.00

236603
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1980 Slania-engraved Horse Statue test stamp. JSA Color "E": Dark Ultramarine complete engraved design with one offset-printed color: Dark Gray, in various locations including in the PRØVE. THE ORIGINAL ENGRAVING with much greater detail and "PRØVE" engraved. This is a completely different Slania engraving from the commonly seen 1985 DFF multi-colored printing. White, white fluorescent paper, with invisible gum. This elegant engraving is RARE with only 18 examples recorded from the original discovery. NH VF single. Very dramatic appearance, quite unlike the final colors.
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Reference
For reference only. NOT for sale.

236604
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1980 Slania-engraved Horse Statue test stamp. JSA Color "H": Black complete engraved design with one offset-printed color: Blue, in various locations including in the PRØVE. THE ORIGINAL ENGRAVING with much greater detail and "PRØVE" engraved. This is a completely different Slania engraving from the commonly seen 1985 DFF multi-colored printing. White, white fluorescent paper, with invisible gum. This elegant engraving is RARE with only 26 examples recorded from the original discovery. NH VF single. Very dramatic appearance, quite unlike the final colors.
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250.00

236605
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1980 Slania-engraved Horse Statue test stamp. JSA Color "I": Green complete engraved design with four offset-printed colors: Blue, Magenta, Yellow, and Violet, in various locations including in the PRØVE. THE ORIGINAL ENGRAVING with much greater detail and "PRØVE" engraved. This is a completely different Slania engraving from the commonly seen 1985 DFF multi-colored printing. White, white fluorescent paper, with invisible gum. This elegant engraving is RARE with only about 36 examples recorded from the original discovery. NH VF single. Similar to the issued appearance of the 1985 stamp, but is the 1980 engraving.
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225.00

1980-1985 Horse Statue Slania-Engraved continued ...   Shopping Cart: Review or Check Out   Top 
Item #
Quality & Description
IMAGES: Hover mouse pointer over image to determine if ACTUAL image of item OR a REPRESENTATIVE sample image of item.
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US$
236606
View REPRESENTATIVE Image
1980 Slania-engraved Horse Statue test stamp. JSA Color "M": Green complete engraved design with one offset-printed color: Magenta, in various locations including in the PRØVE, shifted up 1.5 mm. THE ORIGINAL ENGRAVING with much greater detail and "PRØVE" engraved. This is a completely different Slania engraving from the commonly seen 1985 DFF multi-colored printing. White, white fluorescent paper, with invisible gum. This elegant engraving is RARE with only 13 examples recorded from the original discovery. NH VF single. Very dramatic appearance, quite unlike the final colors.
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270.00

236607
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1980 Slania-engraved Horse Statue test stamp. JSA Color "L": Dark Ultramarine complete engraved design, including in the PRØVE, WITHOUT ANY OFFSET-PRINTED COLOR. THE ORIGINAL ENGRAVING with much greater detail and "PRØVE" engraved. This is a completely different Slania engraving from the commonly seen 1985 DFF multi-colored printing. White, white fluorescent paper, with invisible gum. This elegant engraving is RARE with only 32 examples recorded from the original discovery. NH VF single. Very dramatic appearance, quite unlike the final colors. One of only two single-color engraved colors I have recorded. A stunning example of the engraving art!
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Reference
For reference only. NOT for sale.

237827
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1980 Slania-engraved Horse Statue test stamp. JSA Color "S": Dark Ultramarine complete engraved design, including in the PRØVE, WITHOUT ANY OFFSET-PRINTED COLOR. THE ORIGINAL ENGRAVING with much greater detail and "PRØVE" engraved. This is a completely different Slania engraving from the commonly seen 1985 DFF multi-colored printing. Bright white, non-fluorescent paper (one of only two issues I have found on non-fluorescent paper), with invisible gum. This elegant engraving is RARE with only 4 examples with this color on non-fluorescent paper recorded by me from the original discovery. NH VF single. Very dramatic appearance, quite unlike the final colors. One of only two single-color engraved colors I have recorded. A stunning example of the engraving art!
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Reference
For reference only. NOT for sale.

236608
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1980 Slania-engraved Horse Statue test stamp. JSA Color "R": Blackish Green complete engraved design, including in the PRØVE, WITHOUT ANY OFFSET-PRINTED COLOR. THE ORIGINAL ENGRAVING with much greater detail and "PRØVE" engraved. This is a completely different Slania engraving from the commonly seen 1985 DFF multi-colored printing. White, white fluorescent paper, with invisible gum. This elegant engraving is RARE with only 28 examples recorded from the original discovery. NH VF single. Very dramatic appearance, quite unlike the final colors. One of only two single-color engraved colors I have recorded. A stunning example of the engraving art!
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Reference
For reference only. NOT for sale.

236609
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1980 Slania-engraved Horse Statue test stamp. JSA Color "K": An exceptional ALL-ONLY-ENGRAVED, MULTIPLE COLOR printing: Brown horse, rider and lamp top; Light Green building at right; Bright Ultramarine rest of design including the PRØVE. WITHOUT ANY OFFSET-PRINTED COLOR. THE ORIGINAL ENGRAVING with much greater detail and "PRØVE" engraved. This is a completely different Slania engraving from the commonly seen 1985 DFF multi-colored printing. Exceptional paper: Bright White in daylight, non-fluorescent (slightly reddish/orangish tint) under long-wave UV, with invisible gum. This elegant engraving is RARE with only 24 examples recorded from the original discovery. NH VF single. Very dramatic appearance, quite unlike the final colors. The only all-only-engraved, multiple-color printing I have recorded and the only printing on non-fluorescent paper that I have recorded. A stunning example of the engraving art!
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Reference
For reference only. NOT for sale.

236610
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1980 Slania-engraved Horse Statue test stamp. JSA Color "F": Blue OFFSET-PRINTED COLOR ONLY, including the PRØVE. No engraved areas present. From the original color trial and progressive proofing process. No such offset-only examples are recorded from the from the later 1985 DFF multi-colored printing. White, white fluorescent paper, with invisible gum. This stamp is RARE with only 9 examples recorded from the original discovery. NH VF single. Very dramatic appearance. One of only three single-color offset-only colors I have recorded.
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Reference
For reference only. NOT for sale.

236611
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1980 Slania-engraved Horse Statue test stamp. JSA Color "G": Magenta OFFSET-PRINTED COLOR ONLY, including the PRØVE. No engraved areas present. From the original color trial and progressive proofing process. No such offset-only examples are recorded from the from the later 1985 DFF multi-colored printing. White, white fluorescent paper, with invisible gum. This stamp is RARE with only 18 examples recorded from the original discovery. NH VF single. Very dramatic appearance. One of only three single-color offset-only colors I have recorded.
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140.00

236612
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1980 Slania-engraved Horse Statue test stamp. JSA Color "O": Yellow OFFSET-PRINTED COLOR ONLY, including the PRØVE. No engraved areas present. From the original color trial and progressive proofing process. No such offset-only examples are recorded from the from the later 1985 DFF multi-colored printing. White, white fluorescent paper, with invisible gum. This stamp is RARE with only 18 examples recorded from the original discovery. NH VF single. Very dramatic appearance. One of only three single-color offset-only colors I have recorded.
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Reference
For reference only. NOT for sale.

236613
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1980 Slania-engraved Horse Statue test stamp. JSA Color "Q": Blue and Magenta OFFSET-PRINTED COLORS ONLY, including the PRØVE. No engraved areas present. From the original color trial and progressive proofing process. No such offset-only examples are recorded from the from the later 1985 DFF multi-colored printing. White, white fluorescent paper, with invisible gum. This stamp is RARE with only 28 examples recorded from the original discovery. NH VF single. Very dramatic appearance. One of only two two-color offset-only colors I have recorded.
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Reference
For reference only. NOT for sale.

236614
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1980 Slania-engraved Horse Statue test stamp. JSA Color "P": Blue and Yellow OFFSET-PRINTED COLORS ONLY, including the PRØVE. No engraved areas present. From the original color trial and progressive proofing process. No such offset-only examples are recorded from the from the later 1985 DFF multi-colored printing. White, white fluorescent paper, with invisible gum. This stamp is RARE with only 18 examples recorded from the original discovery. NH VF single. Very dramatic appearance. One of only two two-color offset-only colors I have recorded.
Click For Larger REPRESENTATIVE Image

Reference
For reference only. NOT for sale.

1980-1985 Horse Statue Slania-Engraved continued ...   Shopping Cart: Review or Check Out   Top 
Item #
Quality & Description
IMAGES: Hover mouse pointer over image to determine if ACTUAL image of item OR a REPRESENTATIVE sample image of item.
Click for more information
US$
236615
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1980 Slania-engraved Horse Statue test stamp. JSA Color "J": Light Blue, Magenta, and Yellow OFFSET-PRINTED COLORS ONLY, including the PRØVE. The horse and rider look light green and the PRØVE looks brown. No engraved areas present. From the original color trial and progressive proofing process. No such offset-only examples are recorded from the from the later 1985 DFF multi-colored printing. White, white fluorescent paper, with invisible gum. This stamp is RARE with only 18 examples recorded from the original discovery. NH VF single. Very dramatic appearance. One of only two three-color offset-only colors I have recorded.
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Reference
For reference only. NOT for sale.

236616
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1980 Slania-engraved Horse Statue test stamp. JSA Color "N": Dark Blue, Magenta, and Yellow OFFSET-PRINTED COLORS ONLY, including the PRØVE. The horse and rider look dark green and the PRØVE looks almost black. No engraved areas present. From the original color trial and progressive proofing process. No such offset-only examples are recorded from the from the later 1985 DFF multi-colored printing. White, white fluorescent paper, with invisible gum. This stamp is RARE with only 28 examples recorded from the original discovery. NH VF single. Very dramatic appearance. One of only two three-color offset-only colors I have recorded.
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140.00

232292
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1980 Slania-engraved Horse Statue test stamp. THE ORIGINAL ENGRAVING with much greater detail and "PRØVE" engraved. This is a completely different Slania engraving from the commonly seen 1985 DFF multi-colored printing. Created in 1980 for testing "M4" printing press. Black all engraved, plus Brownish Orange lithograph/offset printing in trees and base/pedestal of statue. Cream-colored, white fluorescent paper, with invisible gum. This elegant engraving is RARE with only 25 total examples being made available from the original discovery. [Please inquire about position pieces potentially available: one each four blocks from left margin, right margin, lower left corner, and lower right corner (with interesting apparently engraved black scratch just into selvage). Also possibly larger block if not yet broken up.] NH VF single.
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WANTED
This color/printing is needed as well as any others. Please make offer.

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